If Germany was remarkable by being the most advanced nation in the world, as Eksteins points out, would the shift to those attitudes have occurred in due time anyway in the rest of western society, even without the war.
His background likely caused him to be naturally interested in Germany and the Nazis, while his education and possibly his linguistic skills might have contributed to him focusing almost exclusively on the zeitgeist of Western Europe, while omitting the effects that the war had on the larger world.
At the same time, their position as the scientific and economic leading nation in the world was not commensurate with their position in a world hierarchy dominated by the Anglo-American establishment. He displays remarkable erudition and often sees connections in history which may not be obvious to the great majority of people.
Thus, Germany was characterized by a spirit of rebellion against the established order, based on spirituality. After the First World War, the British were certain that they were going to lose India because, both, they and the Indians knew that there was no longer a moral justification for it.
After Lindbergh landed in France, and subsequently visited England, he was the object of hero worship on an unprecedented scale. True, Germany had, indeed, lost the war, but the German people felt that they had been winning all along. It makes the reader question the preconceived ideas which we all have about our age.
Of course, religion continued to be an important part of Western Civilization, throughout the heyday of the Enlightenment values in the 19th century. Overall though, on both sides, there was a general loss of belief in values and ideals due to the horrors of the war .
The First World War had not only the effects that Eksteins focuses on, but also it is responsible, amongst others, for provoking the Russian Revolution and the establishment of a competing world order, with different ideals and values from the ones which were dominant in Western Civilization.
Eksteins' analysis of the consequences of the war revolves around two cultural events: Total war was now not only permissible, but a requirement for liberation and, hence, for life . Eksteins goes as far as suggesting that the emancipation of homosexuals in Germany was symptomatic of this spirit of emancipation and rebellion .
The First World War also had a critical effect on the rest of the world, which had been dominated previously by Western Civilization. Eksteins hints that, perhaps, such German ideas are not so peculiar after all .
He then points to Germany before the Great War as the nation in which these ideals were the most pronounced as the modernist nation par excellence, which served as a model for our world. Were the rulers of Europe as weak and ineffectual as to give in to the demands of the crowds, if there had not been strong economic and political reasons for the war.
Or is it that the war caused a shift in attitudes which caused our modern values to bear a coincidental resemblance to those of pre-war Germany. As a nation which was recently unified and had undergone a tremendously fast transformation from a traditional society to the most industrialized nation in the world, the Germans found their moral support in a glorification of their own nation and in a deep spirituality.
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An Examination of Official Publications and of English Documents in Particular. [N/A] on douglasishere.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. England's Complicity in the Great douglasishere.com: N/A. Modris Eksteins, in his book “Rites of Spring, The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age”, points to the First World War as the pivotal moment in modern history and consciousness.
The Great War and Tolkien's Memory: an examination of World War I themes in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. What was the name of the battlefield that Newfoundlanders lost their lives out of in less than half an hour?
Janet Brennan Croft The Great War and Tolkien's Memory: An Examination of World War I Themes in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings Janet Brennan Croft 1. IntroductionR. R. TOLKIEN was one of a generation of Englishmen “caught by youth”.An examination of the great war