An overview of the spanish inquisition in the 1400s

Up to the 14th century, the census and weddings records show an absolute lack of concern with avoiding intermarriage or blood mixture so present in other areas. Yes, you read that correctly. In the second half of the century, late in the reign of Philip II, conditions worsened between Old Christians and Moriscos.

The Inquisition only had power to trial those who self-identified as Christians initially for taxation purposes, later to avoid deportation well while practicing another religion de facto.

Introduction to inquisition familiars and officials

Execution was neither performed by the Church, nor was it a sentence available to the officials involved in the inquisition, who, as clerics, were forbidden to kill. Spain A village in Andalusia, Spain, showing housing typical of the region.

Over the next century, half of the estimated 80, Spanish Jews converted to Christianity becoming " conversos ". InInquisitors were involved in the mass arrest and tortures of 15, Knights Templar in France, resulting in dozens of executions.

This resulted in the first Index of Forbidden Books Hispanic bishops held the Council of Elvira around Of 5, people interrogated in Toulouse between —, received penitential yellow crosses, 23 were imprisoned for life, and none were sent to the stake.

For years afterward, Spanish explorers and conquerors traveled the world, claiming huge territories for the Spanish crown, a succession of Castilian, Aragonese, Habsburgand Bourbon rulers. Pope Paul IV carged the congregation to draw up a list of books which he felt offended faith or morals.

To date membership lists in the inquisition archives have provided the predominant source of data for studying familiares and other officers, with different types of document still awaiting fuller exploitation.

He offers striking statistics: This argument is usually made regarding the expulsion of the Jews or the Moriscos, [31] and since the Inquisition was so closely interconnected with those actions can be expanded to it.

Spanish Inquisition

Much of the brutality commonly associated with the Inquisition was actually previously common in secular courts, but prohibited under the Inquisition, including torture methods that resulted in bloodshed, miscarriages, mutilation or death. These were baptized members of the church who held opinions contrary to the Catholic faith.

The Inquisition was ill-received by the Aragonese, which led to prohibitions against insults or attacks on it. During the pontificates of Innocent IIIpapal legates were sent out to stop the spread of the Cathar and Waldensian heresies to Provence and up the Rhine into Germany.

The Waldensians were a group of orthodox laymen concerned about the increasing wealth of the Church. Particularly affected are the high areas of the central plateau and southern and eastern parts of Spain.

Inquisition

If the weakness of the Aragonese Naval Empire was combined with the resentment of the higher nobility against the monarchs, the dynastic claims of Portugal on Castile and the two monarch's exterior politic that turned away from Morocco and other African nations in favor of Europe, the fear of a second Muslim invasion - and thus a second Muslim occupation was hardly unfounded.

Their marriage united both crowns and set the stage for the creation of the Kingdom of Spain, at the dawn of the modern era. This conflict ensured a supply of Moorish slaves. The court employed physical torture to extract confessions. In this, they sought to further unify the laws of their realms and reduce the power of the nobility in certain local areas.

In their lifetime, the Catholic Monarchs had problems with Pope Paul IIa very strong proponent of absolute authority of the church over the Kings.

Spanish Inquisition

Watch video · End of the Spanish Inquisition ; Sources ; The Inquisition was a powerful office set up within the Catholic Church to root out and punish heresy throughout Europe and the Americas. The Spanish Inquisition was just one of several inquisitions that occurred between the 12th and 19th centuries.

In addition to the term being used for the hist­orical events, the word "inquisition" refers to the tribunal court system used by both the Catholic Church and some Catholic monarchs to root out, suppress and punish heretics.

Strappado is a form of torture that began with the Medieval Inquisition. In one version, the hands of the accused were tied behind his back and the rope looped over a brace in the ceiling of the chamber or attached to a pulley. A second variety of the Inquisition was the infamous Spanish Inquisition, authorized by Pope Sixtus IV in Pope Sixtus tried to establish harmony between the inquisitors and the ordinaries, but was unable to maintain control of the desires of Ki ng Ferdinand V and Queen Isablella.

At its height, the Spanish empire numbers among its territorial possessions vast portions of the Americas, the Philippines, Milan, and Sicily. The consolidation of the monarchy is largely due to the marriage and joint rule of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, whose devout Catholicism and support of the Inquisition safeguards the.

The Spanish Inquisition spread to North Africa in the early s as well as to Spanish colonies in the New World. Attendance at the trials and condemnations was as high as that at bullfights by the 16th and 17th centuries.

An overview of the spanish inquisition in the 1400s
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Torture and Punishment During the Spanish Inquisition | HowStuffWorks