The main features of the human brain

Betz cells are the largest cells by size of cell body in the nervous system. Deep to the cerebral cortex is a layer of cerebral white matter. Neurons can connect to each other to form neural networks. Astrocytes are the largest of the glial cells. Behind the brainstem is the cerebellum Latin: Cerebrospinal Fluid Cerebrospinal fluid CSF — a clear fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord — provides many important functions to the central nervous system.

Arachnoid villi are finger-like extensions of the arachnoid mater that pass through the dura mater and into the superior sagittal sinus. A blood clot, or bleeding in the brain, are the cause of most strokes.

Magnetic resonance imaging MRI scan: Myelinated axons transmit nerve signals much faster than unmyelinated axons, so oligodendrocytes accelerate the communication speed of the brain. Primary olfactory cortex used for olfaction, or the sense of smell and detects volatile, airborne substances.

Found between the pons and the diencephalon, the midbrain can be further subdivided into 2 main regions: The prefrontal cortex holds recent events briefly in short-term memory.

Each hemisphere is divided into four main lobes[8] although Terminologia Anatomica and Terminologia Neuroanatomica also include a limbic lobe and treat the insular cortex as a lobe.

A band of white matter called the corpus callosum connects the left and right hemispheres of the cerebrum and allows the hemispheres to communicate with each other. Any bleeding inside the brain. The CSF contains glucose, oxygen, and ions, which it helps to distribute throughout the nervous tissue.

The power of the brain as a computational device derives from the complex network of neural pathways and the simultaneous processing capability of all the neurons.

The average male has a brain volume of 1, cubic centimeters cm3. Brainstem The brainstem lies beneath the cerebrum and consists of the midbrainpons and medulla. Specifically, these regions help to control muscle tone, posture, and subconscious skeletal muscle. With so many vital functions under the control of a single incredible organ - and so many important functions carried out in its outer layers - how does our body protect the brain from damage.

List of human anatomical features

Other hormones, such as releasing and inhibiting hormones, are secreted into the blood to stimulate or inhibit hormone production in the anterior pituitary gland. The hippocampus is responsible for encoding long-term memory. It weighs about 3. The bulges of cortex are called gyri singular: In a state of sleep, the brain stops maintaining consciousness, reduces some of its sensitivity to sensory input, relaxes skeletal muscles, and completes many administrative functions.

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The Mechanisms of Human Cognition

Baby has definite sleeping patterns. Touch, sight, sound, and hearing are all examples of somatic senses. The pineal gland produces less melatonin as people age, resulting in difficulty sleeping during adulthood. When the project was announced, President Obama convened a commission to evaluate the ethical issues involved in research on the brain.

The thalamus has an important role in learning by routing sensory information into processing and memory centers of the cerebrum. CSF also transports waste products away from nervous tissues.

Types of neuron include interneuronspyramidal cells including Betz cellsmotor neurons upper and lower motor neuronsand cerebellar Purkinje cells. The primary sensory areas receive signals from the sensory nerves and tracts by way of relay nuclei in the thalamus.

The healthy human brain contains tens of billions of neurons—specialized cells that process and transmit information via electrical and chemical signals.

They send messages between different parts of the brain, and from the brain to the muscles and organs of the body. Alzheimer’s disease. The largest region of the human brain, our cerebrum controls higher brain functions such as language, logic, reasoning, and creativity.

The cerebrum surrounds the diencephalon and is located superior to the cerebellum and brainstem. Facts about the human brain. The human brain is the largest brain of all vertebrates relative to body size. It weighs about lbs.

( kilograms). Biology of the Brain - Key Points The Brain - General Features. The brain is the most complex structure in the known Universe!

It possesses many highly specialized component parts each associated with specific tasks, for example memory and vision. Anatomy of the Brain. and directing sensory information throughout the body.

The Mechanisms of Human Cognition

The brain and spinal cord are the two main structures of the central nervous system. There are three major divisions of the brain. They are the forebrain, the midbrain, and the hindbrain. Would you like to test your knowledge of the human brain?

Take the Human. The brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the human body. It is made up of more than billion nerves that communicate in trillions of connections called synapses. The brain is.

The main features of the human brain
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Brain (Human Anatomy): Picture, Function, Parts, Conditions, and More